How Much Land Do You Need For A Septic Tank? (Solution found)

Your well and all neighbors’ wells should be 100 feet or further from the septic system. There must also be enough land for a “repair area” that can be used if the system needs expansion or repair in the future. One acre of land with suitable soils and suitable topography is usually the minimum sufficient area.

What is the minimum lot size required for a septic system?

  • I. A minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per dwelling unit is required for new developments in the Region using on-site septic tank-subsurface leaching/percolation systems.

How much land is needed for a leach field?

A minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per dwelling unit is required for new developments in the Region using on-site septic tank-subsurface leaching/percolation systems.

How far from a property should a septic tank be?

Septic tank regulations Most importantly, a septic tank must be at least seven metres from a house, defined as a ‘habitable property’. Septic tanks are built underground and release wastewater slowly into the surrounding environment. For this reason, they must be a set distance away from a home.

Do you need planning for a septic tank?

Is planning permission needed for a new septic tank? The short answer is yes. You will need planning permission from a local authority in order to have a septic tank installed, no matter if it’s at your own home or on a business site.

Can a septic tank be too big?

A septic tank that is too big will not run well without the proper volume of wastewater running through it. If your septic tank is too big for your house, there wouldn’t be sufficient collected liquid required to produce the bacteria, which helps break down the solid waste in the septic tank.

How do I calculate the size of my septic drain field?

Drainfield Size

  1. The size of the drainfield is based on the number of bedrooms and soil characteristics, and is given as square feet.
  2. For example, the minimum required for a three bedroom house with a mid range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch is 750 square feet.

Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?

The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.

What is the alternative to a septic tank?

Mound systems work well as alternatives to septic tanks when the soil around your home or building is too dense or too shallow or when the water table is too high. Although they are more expensive and require more maintenance than conventional systems, mound systems are a common alternative.

How far should drain field be from septic tank?

Common guidelines require at least 50′ clearance distance between a well and a septic system tank or 150′ between a well and a septic drainfield or leaching bed but you will see that different authorities may recommend different distances. Local soil and rock conditions can make these “rules of thumb” unreliable.

How close to a septic tank can I build?

– A full foundation must be 10 feet from the septic tank and 20 feet from the leaching area. – A slab foundation such as a garage must be 10 feet from the septic tank and 10 feet from the leaching area.

How far does a treatment plant need to be from a house?

At least 10 meters away from any habitable building.

Do I have to replace my septic tank by 2020?

Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.

Do you need building regulations for a sewage treatment plant?

Building Regulations – relevant to sewage treatment plants and Septic Tanks. The Sewage Treatment Plant must be sited more than 7m from habitable property. The soakaway must be a minimum of 10 metres from a watercourse, 15 metres from a building and 50 metres from a borehole or spring.

What is the difference between a septic tank and a cess pit?

A cesspit is a sealed underground tank that simply collects wastewater and sewage. There is no processing or treatment involved. In contrast, septic tanks use a simple treatment process which allows the treated wastewater to drain away to a soakaway or stream.

How many acres do you need for a septic system?

When employing on-site septic tanks and subsurface leaching/percolation systems, a minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per housing unit is needed in the Region for new projects in the region. For new projects in the Region that use on-site septic tanks-subsurface leaching/percolation systems, a minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per housing unit is needed. Is it possible for a homeowner to establish a septic system? An aseptic tank is a mechanism that is used to dispose of sewage in a safe manner.

Also, how much does it cost to install a septic tank on a piece of land?

The reality is that if you expect to put in a work order for utility connections today and have them up and running within a month, you’re going to be in for a shock.

In most cases, a normal septic drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposalfield of 36 inches; or according to the USDA, 2 to 5 feet in depth.

Septic Systems-What To Ask Before You Buy Land

Articles on Septic Systems Testing of the Soil and Perc What a Septic System Is and How It Works Septic System Upkeep and Repair NEW! Septic Systems that are not conventional See Also: Septic System Frequently Asked Questions See all of our LAND BUYING articles In order to buy land in the country if you’re from an urban or suburban region, you’ll need to become familiar with wells and septic systems. For city dwellers, water arrives out of nowhere at the faucet, and wastewater travels off to a distant location just as effortlessly.

Problems with either the well or septic systems can result in major health consequences as well as significant repair costs.


In locations where there are no municipal sewage systems, each residence is responsible for treating its own sewage on its own property, which is known as a “on-site sewage disposal system,” sometimes known as a septic system. Septic systems are typically comprised of a waste pipe from the home, a big concrete, fiberglass, or plastic septic tank, and an aleach field, among other components. One of the most frequent types of leach fields is composed of a succession of perforated distribution pipes that are placed one after another in a gravel-filled absorption trenches.


Many individuals don’t pay attention to their septic system until they experience difficulties, such as slow drains or backups of sewage.

If the drain field is entirely blocked by that time, it may be beyond repair and may require replacement. Fortunately, basic care and affordable maintenance may keep your system functioning for decades without requiring any major repairs. click here to find out more


Traditional septic systems can only function properly if the soil in the leach area is sufficiently porous to allow the liquid effluent flowing into it to be absorbed by the soil. There must also be at least a few feet of decent soil between the bottom of the leach pipes and the rock or impermeable hardpan below, or from the bottom of the leach pipes to the water table. Depending on the municipality, particular criteria may differ, however any of these qualities may exclude the installation of a basic gravity-fed septic system.


If your lot does not pass the perc test, some towns may enable you to construct an engineered system as a backup plan if the perc test fails. Because a “mound” system functions similarly to a normal system, with the exception of the fact that the leach field is elevated, it is frequently used when the issue soil is too thick (or, in certain situations, too permeable), too shallow (over bedrock or hardpan), or the water table is too high. The mound is comprised of a network of tiny distribution pipes that are embedded in a layer of gravel on top of a layer of sand that is normally one to two feet deep.

Whether or not alternative septic systems are permitted.

How Much Slope Do You Need for a Septic Line?

Should I use a Sand Filter with my existing septic system?

Reader Interactions

Have you discovered the ideal plot of land on which to construct your dream home? Great! Although you may be satisfied to use an outhouse, you should investigate if a sewer system is already in place on the land, or whether you will be required to establish a sewer system. The response will have an impact on not just your overall plans for the property, but also on your building timetable and budget, among other things.

Is the Property Served by a Sewer?

The first question to ask is whether or not the property is already served by a sewer system. A septic system will be required in this case. The simplest approach to find out is to speak with the seller of the land or, if there is a real estate agent involved, ask them. If no one is immediately accessible to inquire, you can hunt for hints on your own if no one else is. Given that municipal water is readily available on the property, it’s likely that the property is also served by a sewage collection and treatment system.

Consequently, if the property is located in a city, township, or a densely populated region, a public sewer system is most likely available.

Aside from that, if the property is huge and spread out over many acres (for example, land suited for a ranch or a farm), it will almost certainly require its own septic system.

Costs of Connecting to and Using an Existing Sewer System

If the property is served by a sewage system, the process is quite straightforward. As a landowner, your primary responsibility is to establish the link between the new residence and the main system of distribution. If you wish to build your own septic system or alternative wastewater treatment system, you will very certainly be denied permission to do so. An competent general contractor or plumber should be able to provide you with an estimate of the time and money that will be required. Typically, the cost is less than the cost of constructing a standard septic system, which is a significant savings (and much less than to construct an alternative septic system, described further below).

Once you’ve been connected, your service provider will charge you a quarterly sewer use fee, which will most likely be added to your monthly water bill.

Depending on whether or not a sewer system is available, municipal rules may require you to pay sewer connection costs before you can be awarded a building permit.

If the Property Isn’t Served by a Sewer: Regulations on Septic Systems

If you are required to establish a septic system (since there is no sewer system available on the property), this will take more time and money than just connecting to a sewage system. The construction and maintenance of septic systems are governed by state and municipal legislation in nearly every jurisdiction since failed septic systems are a major source of water contamination (as a result of germs invading adjacent water supplies). Before you can establish a septic system, you must first verify that you are in compliance with all applicable regulations.

A site evaluation is typically necessary prior to the issuance of a septic permit.

A professional site evaluator or engineering company may do them for you, or the local health agency can do it for you.

What the Site Evaluation Will Tell You

It will be determined by the findings of the site evaluation whether you will be able to construct a conventional (gravity-fed) septic system or whether an alternative system will be necessary. Alternative septic systems are basically modified versions of conventional septic systems that are particularly designed to operate with the soils and terrain present on a particular site. Alternative septic systems are also known as bioretention systems. As a consequence of the site evaluation, if the results indicate that your property is inappropriate for a traditional septic system, an engineer or an expert in septic design will need to develop an alternate system.

It is possible that alternative systems will be many times more expensive than a traditional system. This is in addition to the expense of engaging a professional to do or evaluate a site evaluation as well as create the septic design for your system.

Make Sure You Have Enough Room Left for the Home

Septic rules also dictate where a septic system may be placed on a property and how large the system can be. It is required that septic systems be placed back a specific amount of distance from wells and other sources of water as well as from roads, driveways, buildings, and other structures as well as from property borders. These limitations might have a significant influence on where you can build your house. You must guarantee that there will be enough space to put the septic system in a good place, as well as a well (if necessary), and that there will be enough space to build the size of home you wish in an acceptable location when all of this is completed.

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Protecting Your Interests Within the Purchase Contract

A site evaluation may have a significant influence on how much money a property is worth, thus it is smart to condition the acquisition of any unoccupied land without sewage connection on having an approved site report. Having the option to negotiate the purchase price or even cancel the contract if the findings of the site evaluation are unsatisfactory will be important to your success. The inclusion of such a contingency in your purchase contract should be made possible by the assistance of an expert real estate attorney.

How much land do you need to put a septic system?

New projects in the Region that use on-site septic tanks and subsurface leaching/percolation systems are required to have a minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per housing unit, according to the Regional Plan. The most complex septic systems can cost upwards of $20,000, while a simple, basic tank system can be installed for as low as $3,000. The reality is that if you expect to put in a work order for utility connections today and have them up and running within a month, you’re going to be in for a shock.

  • If the property is not served by a sewer, the following steps must be taken: Septic system regulations are in effect.
  • In most cases, a site study is necessary before an aseptic permit may be given.
  • An aseptic tank is a mechanism that is used to dispose of sewage in a safe manner.
  • What is the life expectancy of a septic tank?
  • Tanks built of concrete or plastic are often considered to be the most long-lasting options.

Before You Buy Land

Are you interested in purchasing land for your future home? To find out if water and sewer services are available, contact your local government.

  • A septic system will be required if there is no public sewer system available. If there is no public water available, you will need to drill a home well.

Make Sure There is Space to Meet Required Separation Distances

The quantity of area required for a septic system varies depending on the soil qualities and the size of the residence. Soil types such as sandy soils and clay soils require different amounts of space for a septic system. The same is true when comparing a three-bedroom house to a six-bedroom house: the septic system for the six-bedroom house will require more area than the septic system for the three-bedroom house.

The following distances between your septic system and the following items should be taken into consideration.

  • Buildings are 5 feet apart
  • The property line is 5 feet apart
  • A private well is 75 feet away
  • A public well is 100 feet away
  • Surface water is 75 feet away
  • And a drainage ditch is 25 feet away.

Potential Problem Signs

Whenever you are looking for a home, pay close attention to any features that can interfere with the installation or operation of an on-site septic system.

  • Is there any rough terrain on the property? The presence of bedrock near the ground surface may render the area unsuitable for the installation of a septic system. Exist gorges, ravines, very steep slopes, or other harsh topographical features
  • And The terrain is susceptible to flooding, is this true? Whether or not there are any rivers or streams in close proximity to the property that may flood. Does the land appear to be damp or to be retaining water? Does it appear like surface drainage is a problem? Is there any water on the property that has been classified as jurisdictional wetlands? If you are unclear, you should consult with the US Army Corps of Engineers or the South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services’ Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. Do you have fill dirt on your land in certain areas?

What happens if a conventional or alternative standard system can’t be issued?

Regulation 61-56 specifies that if the property does not satisfy conventional or alternative septic system criteria as described in the regulation, you will be given a list of choices to consider. A professional engineer and a soil scientist can be brought in to analyze the land to decide whether or not it can sustain a specialized or designed system. This is one of the possibilities to consider (referred to as the 610 standard). It is possible that these systems may cost tens of thousands of dollars more than a typical system, and that they will also require wider separation lengths than those stated previously.

Know before you buy!

Before acquiring a lot, take into consideration if the property has access to a sewer system – or whether it does not. Identifying whether or not the site will require a septic system or other wastewater treatment can make a significant impact in the kind of activities you can carry out on the property. The following are a few methods for determining whether or not your property will require a septic system or an alternate wastewater management system:

Does the Property Have Any Access to Municipal Sewer Lines?

If your property does not have access to municipal sewer services, you will be required to install a septic system. You can find out if this is the case by speaking with the vendor about the situation. Obtaining drawings, blueprints, or property documents can also assist you in determining whether or not the property has connection to the city sewer system. If your property is bordered by other buildings or houses, you may be able to inquire as to whether or not they are using a septic system or the sewer system for disposal.

In contrast, if the lot has a significant amount of land, is located outside of the town borders, or is located in an unpopulated location, you will almost certainly require a septic system.

Does the Property Have Public or Private Road Access Issues?

Is it possible to get to the unoccupied land through a public road? Is the land bordered by property that is held by another person? In some cases, access concerns might prevent you from connecting to public utilities. For example, if you have to travel via private roads to get to the property, sewer lines must likewise travel through private roads. When the majority of the lines must pass through private land, towns are less likely to expand their boundaries. Similarly, expanding out too far from the lot in order to try to reach the municipal boundaries might result in high construction costs and significant construction challenges.

It is possible that you may have to arrange an easement with your neighbor if your property is landlocked.

In contrast, requesting permission from a neighbor to lay a sewage line across their property will result in far more red tape, contractual duties, and other complications.

A septic system is a possible alternative for people who have difficulty getting to their homes. Septic systems may be required in some cases because to public and private access difficulties, rather than just being an option in other cases.

Does the Property Have the Permissions for Septic System Installation?

There are many different types of septic systems available, but many jurisdictions have rigorous laws and regulations in place surrounding them. For example, the state of Pennsylvania has septic system restrictions that apply across the whole state. In addition, local governments such as municipalities, boroughs, and townships have their own set of rules and laws. According to local ordinances, the type of septic system you may use, the location in which it can be installed, and the method by which you can install it on your land may all be restricted.

It is possible that the property may not be able to support a septic system at all and will require an alternate solution.

  • There is insufficient room to fit the system. There are no suitable areas that are not too near to water supplies or other properties
  • Land fails soil testing, and there is no way to remediate the soil
  • Site conditions are deplorable, and there is no way to improve them

When soil testing results in a negative result, obtaining a permit to construct a septic system is almost always impossible. The soil drainage rate will be determined by the test, which is also known as a perc test. In order to function properly, septic systems must have adequate leech field drainage. If the drainage rate of your land does not satisfy the criteria of the town, you will be unable to establish a septic system. This does not rule out the possibility of building anything on the site at all, but it does rule out anything that may be used as a residence or place of business.

In rare situations, it may be possible to have the soil tested in a different location on the property.

If you find the information supplied by the municipality to be unintelligible, you can seek more clarification by doing web searches and posing questions to the municipality.

In addition to excavation, Walters Environmental Services also provides professional septic system services such as perc testing, system design, and other services.

What Will A Septic System Cost? A Comprehensive Rural Land Owners Guide

It is vital to understand the cost of a septic system before beginning your construction project. Even before purchasing property, it is a good idea to have a solid concept of the costs associated with it. In order to live off the grid, every rural property will be required to have an approved septic system that complies with local rules. Before obtaining a building permit, the majority of counties in the majority of states will need proof of a functioning water supply and sewage infrastructure.

If you have never dealt with a septic system before, you should know that they are nothing to be afraid of.

A professional contractor will assist you in calculating the cost of your septic system and ensuring that all applicable county regulations are followed.

It is possible to connect to the communal water and sewer system if you live in a small country town, but it is not uncommon to have to install your own septic system as part of the construction process. Modern septic systems are quite effective these days.

How Does A Septic System Work?

A fundamental grasp of what goes into septic system design and installation is necessary in order to make sense of how much a septic system will set you back. It will assist you in better understanding where you should spend your money and where you should save money. There are several different types of septic systems that are utilized across the country, but the most prevalent is the septic tank/absorption (leach) field combination system. Everything that goes down every drain and toilet in your home will be sent down this pipe and into the septic tank below ground level.

  1. Concrete tanks are perhaps the most common in the United States, however polyethylene tanks are becoming increasingly popular.
  2. Due to the fact that they require less heavy equipment and are easier to install in difficult places, they will save you money on your septic system costs.
  3. Tank outlets that have been specially engineered to keep sludge and scum at bay while enabling the comparatively clear intermediate layer — known as effluent — to enter the drain field are used to do this.
  4. Some septic tanks have internal pipes that carry the wastewater to a second compartment for extra settling before discharging the effluent onto the leach field.
  5. This D-box is responsible for distributing effluent equally to the various pipelines in the leach field.
  6. In wastewater disposal, a leach pit is a deeper, bigger hole filled with rock that has a smaller footprint than a standard pit.
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Septic Tank Installation and Pricing

To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.

Who Needs a Septic Tank?

For the most part, in densely populated areas of the nation, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system.

Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural regions, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed house or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.

How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation

Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.

Receive Multiple Estimates

Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done. Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.

Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit

For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.

Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test.

Plan for Excavation

Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home. Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected.

The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank

There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.

Percolation Test

A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.

Building Permit Application

A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.

Excavation and Installation

When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed.

The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.

Types of Septic Tank Systems

Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.

Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.

Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.

It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land.

Types of Septic Tanks

  • Concrete septic tanks are long-lasting and rust-proof, but they are difficult to repair if they are damaged. It is possible that concrete tanks will cost up to $2,000 depending on their size. Plastic —While plastic tanks are cost-effective, they are also susceptible to damage. They are around $1,200 in price. Fiberglass —While fiberglass septic tanks are more durable than their plastic counterparts, they are susceptible to shifting or displacement if the water table rises to an excessive level. Depending on the model, these tanks may cost up to $2,000

More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.

Using Your Septic Tank

It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.

Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.

Important Info & Links — Adams soil and septic

The types of septic systems available, the costs associated with septic systems, and the laws governing septic systems have all evolved throughout time. If you are considering acquiring a house that includes a septic system, you should be aware of the risks. Take no one’s word for it when they say, “The system has functioned perfectly for 30 years.” Before acquiring a property with an existing septic system, it is vital to consider the following factors:

  • Consider having your septic system inspected. A fee for this inspection will be added to the cost of your standard home inspection
  • However, it may be worth it in the long run. A septic inspection should provide you with information on the size of your septic tank, the number of laterals in your system, the depth of the laterals, the type of laterals you have, and the age of your system. For homes built before 1990, it is possible that there will be no septic system installed. A septic system is made up of several components, including a sewage line, a septic tank, and laterals. The first septic regulation for Indiana was issued in 1990, which means that anything constructed previous to 1990 would most certainly not satisfy today’s code. This signifies that the system is unlawfully draining into an area where it shouldn’t be
  • If someone tells you that your house has one lateral or finger, you should be suspicious. Take into consideration the size of the lot that you will be acquiring with the home. Septic systems for three-bedroom houses are typically 100 feet by 40 feet in size when installed on excellent soil. As the size of the home grows, the size of the room grows as well (mainly bedrooms). In order to establish a septic system that meets code requirements, the lot size must be reduced. This results in a rise in the cost of the system as a result. Take into consideration the drainage on the site. Keep an eye out for any sections of the yard that may be prone to accumulating water. Observe the trunks of trees to check whether there are any water marks around the base of the trees. Find the location of the septic tank and request that the seller have the tank drained. Being there when the septic tank is being pumped might be beneficial in terms of learning more about the process. It is possible to see the size of the tank (or at the very least how many gallons are being pumped out of the septic tank), as well as the condition of the tank, its depth, and whether or not water is rushing into the tank while it is being pumped
  • This is a sign of possible failure of the drainage system. If you are acquiring land, please make your purchase agreement contingent on the completion of a soil test as well as the installation of a septic system of your choosing on the land you want to acquire. There are many various types of septic systems, and their pricing may range anywhere from $8,000 to $35,000 (yes, $35,000, this is not a mistake) depending on their features. Soils differ from one another and vary depending on the location. In other words, just because a septic system was put on a neighboring property for $8,000 does not guarantee that your septic system will be the same price. You might want to consider having a soil expert visit to your location and test the soil. Septic systems are not intended to survive indefinitely, and as a result, a new system will need to be built at some time. The soil test will provide you with a more accurate knowledge of the sort of system you will be installing and the possible expenses associated with it. Inquire with your agent, or with the realtor representing the seller, for as much information as possible on the septic system. Demand answers to your inquiries and then some more after you have finished your initial round of inquiry. Don’t be scared to speak with the owners of surrounding properties as well.


Those who are not informed may suffer the consequences! Don’t allow something like this happen to you!

  • Do not acquire any land that will require the installation of a septic system until a soil test has been conducted. Even if you think to yourself, “Well, it’s 5 acres, so I shouldn’t have any difficulty locating a site for a septic system!” you should still get the soil tested before moving forward. A soil test will be required regardless of how much property you are acquiring
  • If the site is not connected to a city sewage system and you want to construct a home or barn with a lavatory, a soil test will be necessary. IT IS POSSIBLE that the land you wish to purchase will not be suitable for construction. The results of the soil test and the type of structure you intend to construct, together with Indiana Rule 410, determine whether or not you are permitted to install a septic system on your property. A couple acquired a home that was not suitable for construction since it was built on a septic system, which was unfortunately the case in certain cases. They purchased 5 acres along with a four-bedroom house. They placed an offer on the property, with the condition that the house inspection be successful. Septic system testing was included in the price of the house inspection. The septic inspection comprised primarily of someone continuously pumping water into the septic system for around 2 hours. “Septic appears to be operating normally,” the inspection report noted in fine language, “but there is no assurance that it will continue to function in the future
  • There is no failure at this moment.” That was the end of the septic system examination. Despite the fact that the couple had only been in the house for three weeks, the septic system failed, resulting in sewage backing up into one of the couple’s shower drains. Due to the tiny print, they were not only had to construct a completely new septic system, but they were also unable to recover any of their expenses. They may have benefited from a more complete assessment done by an industry professional or licensed IOWPA inspector, who would have informed them that they needed to replace their septic system. If they had known, they would very certainly have requested that the septic system be upgraded before to purchasing the property. It is not permitted to dig anything on the land until:
  • You’ve made a decision on where your home will be built. You have spoken with a builder about the land and have met with him or her on the construction site. You’ve had a soil test done for your septic system
  • Now what? You’ve learned about the precise set back regulations in your county
  • Now it’s time to put it all together. You’ve found a location for the well, among other things.
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One of the owners of a vast plot of property was an excavator who was familiar with septic systems but had never constructed one himself. He made the decision to divide the tract into two independent tracts and sell them separately. He had a soil test performed on each of his acres of land. Each tract had just one septic system because of restrictions on the depth of the soil on each tract due to the depth of the soil on each tract. The soil scientist instructed the excavator to have the septic systems planned and marked out so that the surrounding regions would not be disturbed during the excavation process.

He removed the topsoil from the parcels, redistributed the material among the plots, and created a pond on one of the tracts.

He collected the soil from the pond and dispersed it over the whole area of both parcels of land.

They called us on the soil report and had a slew of questions for us.

The couple was fortunate in that they asked the correct questions and did not end up purchasing the parcel of land. The excavator, on the other hand, was not so fortunate. He now owned two parcels of land that could not be developed due to a lack of construction licenses.

  • A guy in central Indiana received 80 acres from his parents as a bequest from them. The terrain was rough and rocky, and it had been extensively degraded. As a result, he engaged a surveyor to divide the 80 acres into five-acre portions. He then divided the land into smaller tracts using the information he had gathered. After doing many soil tests over the whole 80 acres, we were able to identify just one location where a septic system would be permitted. Because of the restricted space, only a two-bedroom residence would be permitted on this lot. Due to the fact that this was going to be part of his retirement savings, this was a terrible scenario for this individual. This is the lesson to be learned from the story. First and foremost, get the soil tested! Do not assume that you can construct a septic system on any piece of land without first doing a soil test.

Basic Septic System Rules for Oklahoma – Oklahoma State University

Submitted by Sergio M. Abit Jr. and Emily Hollarn Several of us are interested in building or purchasing homes in the country for a number of reasons. It is possible to be closer to nature by living outside of city limits. It is also possible to cultivate vegetables and raise farm animals, and it is possible to live a simple and calm life in a rural environment by living outside of city limits. One thing to keep in mind is that, while living in the country has many advantages, access to the comforts that towns offer is not always available, especially in rural areas.

  • The latter requires the installation of an on-site wastewater treatment system, which is more frequently known as a septic system.
  • This information sheet outlines the requirements that must be followed while obtaining an installation permit, complying with site and soil limits, and installing and maintaining septic systems.
  • PSS-2914, Keep Your Septic System in Good Working Order, and PSS-2913, On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems Permitted in Oklahoma are two of the state’s most important standards.
  • Much of this information sheet is prepared in a simplified question and answer style, however there are certain sections that have been taken practically literally from the Code of Federal Regulations.

Site Requirements and Restrictions

Is there a minimum lot size requirement for building a home? With the usage of public water (such as that provided by the city or the rural water district), a minimum lot size of 12 acres is required for the majority of septic systems for a residence that will require one. The use of an individual drinking water well necessitates the usage of a minimum lot size of 344 acres for the majority of systems. What is the definition of a “repair area” requirement? Aside from the space set up for septic system installation, an adequate amount of space should be set aside for repair work.

  • When purchasing a home, inquire as to the location of the authorized repair area.
  • Where is the best location for the septic system to be installed?
  • Keep in mind that there are minimum separation distances between items such as water wells, property boundaries, and buildings, as well as other restrictions to follow when driving.
  • Water Body Protection Places (WBPAs) are those areas that are located within 1,320 feet of water bodies (such as rivers and lakes) that have been identified by the state as being specifically protected against pollution and are classified as such.
  • This indicates that the cost of the septic system in that location will be higher.
  • However, it is important to remember that the requirement for a nitrate-reduction component applies only to new homes or modifications to an existing home’s septic system.
  • It is recommended that at least 10,000 square feet be set aside for the septic system in the region where it will be constructed, but this is not a requirement as a general rule.

The exact amount of the area required for the septic system will initially be determined by the soil and site characteristics of the surrounding region.

The number of bedrooms in the house is taken into consideration once the proper septic system has been selected in order to estimate the real size of the space that must be given for the septic system.

Generally speaking, the more bedrooms in a house and the finer the soil texture in the surrounding region (i.e., the more clay in the soil), the more space is required for a septic system to be installed.

As previously said, the soil and site qualities influence the type of septic system that may be installed as well as the amount of the land space that is required for the installation.

What type of soil testing will be required?

When the results of a percolation test are obtained, they may be used to determine the rate of subsurface water flow at depths where residential wastewater is typically applied.

Either test might be used as a starting point for making judgments about a septic system.

It should also be noted that if the test done is a soil profile description, the amount of land required for the septic system is typically less.

When the choice has already been taken to establish a lagoon system or an aerobic treatment system with spray irrigation, a soil test is no longer necessary, since the system is already in place.

Soil profile descriptions may only be performed by soil profilers who have received state certification.

Testing for percolation can be carried out by professional engineers, certified sanitarians, environmental specialists, or soil scientists.

A note on soil testing: Some communities in Oklahoma require a soil test result before approving a construction permit application.


What is it that requires a permit? Septic system installations, including the addition of an extra system, on a property must be approved by the local building department prior to proceeding. Permits are also required for modifications to an existing system. It is possible that septic system improvements will be required as a result of the following: a) Septic systems that are not working properly, b) home renovations that result in an increase in the number of beds, c) an increase in water consumption as a result of a change in the usage of a house or building, and d) the movement of any component of a septic system.

Where can I acquire an installation or modification permit, and how do I get one?

To submit an application for a permit, go to DEQ Applications or contact your local DEQ office for help.

Often, the installer will take care of the paperwork for you, including the installation or modification permission application.


Inspections are carried out by whom, and when are they necessary? There are two situations in which an inspection by DEQ officials is required. They are as follows: The following are examples of non-certified installations: 1) repairs and system changes made by a non-certified installer; and 2) installation of new systems performed by a non-certified installer Prior to backfilling and/or placing the system into operation, the inspection must be completed to ensure that the installation, modification, or repairs are of satisfactory quality.

The fact that a state-certified installer performs the installation, alteration, or repair eliminates the requirement for DEQ employees to conduct an inspection because qualified installers are permitted to do self-inspection is worth mentioning.

The installer is responsible for notifying the DEQ of any needed inspections relating to an installation, alteration, or repair that may be required.


Who is qualified to build a septic system? It is essential that you use the services of a septic system installer that is licensed and certified by the state. A list of state-certified installers can be obtained from the local Department of Environmental Quality office. Non-certified installers are only permitted to install a restricted number of systems in the state of Oklahoma. These installations, on the other hand, must be examined and authorized by DEQ staff before they may be backfilled and/or turned on.

Installers are able to charge a fee for their own version of a warranty and maintenance plan that they provide to their clients.

This law requires the installer of an ATU to provide free maintenance for the system for two years from the date of installation, at no additional cost to the homeowner.

Purchasing a home when the ATU in the home is still within the warranty term enables you to continue to get warranty coverage until the two-year period has expired.

Responsibilities of the Owner

Septic systems that are properly maintained will remove dangerous contaminants from home water. Owners, their neighbors, and the environment are all at risk if their systems are not properly maintained and operated. In plain language, the rule mandates that the owner of a system be responsible for ensuring that the system is properly maintained and operated so that: 1) sewage or effluent from the system is properly treated and does not surface, pool, flow across the ground, or worse, discharge to surface waters, 2) all components of the system (including lagoons) are maintained and do not leak or overflow, and 3) the necessary security measures are in place (e.g.

required fences are intact, septic tank lids are intact and properly secured).

Civil and criminal fines may be imposed for violations and carelessness.

Abit Jr., Ph.D., is a researcher at the University of California, Berkeley.


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