How To Make A Septic Tank Out Of 300 Gallon Drum? (TOP 5 Tips)

  • Cut a 4 in (10 cm) hole in the first drum on the opposite side as the hole in the top. Place the hole about 4–5 inches (10–13 cm) down from the top of the drum and make sure it lines up with the hole on top of the tank. Cut the hole with a saber saw or a hole saw.

Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?

The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.

What is the smallest septic tank available?

If you’re looking to install a septic system, the smallest tank size you’re likely to find is 750-gallon, which will accommodate one to two bedrooms. You can also opt for a 1,000-gallon system, which will handle two to four bedrooms.

How big of a septic tank do I need?

The larger your home, the larger the septic tank you’re going to need. For instance, a house smaller than 1,500 square feet usually requires a 750 to 1,000-gallon tank. On the other hand, a bigger home of approximately 2,500 square feet will need a bigger tank, more than the 1,000-gallon range.

What size septic tank do I need for a tiny house?

Tiny homes typically require a 500 to 1,000-gallon septic tank. Though, it’s not always possible to implement a tank of this size. In some states, for example, the minimum tank size is 1,000 gallons. There may be exceptions to this rule if your home is on wheels.

How does above ground septic tank work?

Wastewater flows from the home to a septic tank, then via gravity to a pumping tank which pumps it to a sand mound located above ground level, where it is evenly distributed throughout the drain field.

What is the cheapest septic system to put in?

Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.

How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?

How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.

How do you build a septic tank drain field?

There should be at least 100 feet of drain field for a 1,000-gallon septic tank. This can be accomplished by making four trenches 25 feet long or two trenches 50 feet long. The trenches should be at a slight downward slant of no more than 1/4 inch per 8 feet of pipe.

Can you use a 55 gallon drum for a septic tank?

In areas with no zoning or building restrictions, 55-gallon drums or barrels may still be used as a temporary solution before other more permanent methods of waste containment are put in place. Dig a hole in line with the bathroom 10 feet away from the structure that needs a temporary septic tank.

DIY septic tank advise – Small Cabin Forum

Author Message
xinullMember Posted: 20 Aug 2019 23:24ReplyI’m building a septic tank based on this design instead of using 2x 55 gallon barrels, my first barrel will be a 275 gallon IBC tote and the second barrel will be 55 gallon.This is just a small system for my wife and I and usage on ever other week-ends, and almost no usage in the winter (as the land is not easily accessible in the winter).I first need to fill these 27555 gallon containers with water.first question, can i use river water to fill them up? i dont know much about septic tanks, and i’m not sure if the possibility of insects or parasites in the water might be detrimental to my septic tanksecond question is about the design. Should the entry point of the first tank have the pipe go down to the middle of the material in the tank, OR should it stay above the material and just fall in?Here’s a picture to show what i meanThanks
BrettnyMember Posted: 21 Aug 2019 07:24ReplyFirst you need to find out if its legal to do this in your area.After that an IBC tote dosnt lend very well to being burried.They are very thin material.Have you priced out a small septic tank?There usualy about $1 per gallon, they make 200gal ones.It would be a shame to dig that big hole for the IBC tote and have things colapse in.Rain water is fine.The right pic would be ever you want your outlet of the big tank sucking from the middle of the tank.Having a hole near the top and a elbow down will be good.The second barrel is just acting as a drywell?If so theres other ways to accomplish this but a 55gal drum will work.Things you need to cosider is do you have easy acess to gravel or a machine to dig?This will be alot of digging by hand.
xinullMember Posted: 21 Aug 2019 20:47ReplyThere’s quite a few people in the area who’ve done their septic tank using an IBC tote. I know they have, i just dont know them personally, just word to mouth kinda of thing.But i do know that as long as you fill the IBC tote before burring it, you’ll be fine and it wont collapse;)The picture was just a quick drawing, I only had a few minutes to write the post last night. i had already decided to have an elbow with a pipe going down and a tee (to prevent any solids from accidently floating up in the pipe) around the mid-point of the material as you suggested. I was just in a hurry to draw the picture and forgot to put it inThe second barrel should only hold liquids, but if any solids still exists they can continue to decompose in that one until they are released through 2x 20 feet drain pipes in a leach field of gravelI have the machine to dig right now, i rented an excavator, couldn’t get it delivered directly because of the bad trail and mud holes, obviously. But i had to drive almost half a day just to get it to my land.For the gravel, i’ll have to haul it with a small trailer during the dry season, when the mud holes are not too bad.that’s right now! It will take some time, but im in no rush. I ran out of money to start the camp this year, so all i’m doing is preparing the road and since i got the excavator, i’m also preparing the septic tank.Thanks for the reply
toyota_mdt_techMember Posted: 21 Aug 2019 21:40ReplyBoth inlet and outlet need to go below the full level. You will need a baffle, a “T” works and allows you to access it from topside for cleanout. You have sludge and crust, sludge forms at the bottom, crust at the top.You dont want anything getting into the drain field. Why fill with water, let it fil naturally.
ICCMember Posted: 21 Aug 2019 21:45ReplyQuoting: toyota_mdt_techWhy fill with water, let it fil naturally.Because those totes are not made to take pressure from the outside (dirt piled on) to the inside. Water in the tank will help resist collapse.
xinullMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 08:37ReplyQuoting: toyota_mdt_techBoth inlet and outlet need to go below the full levelI felt like having both my inlet and outlet go down to the middle of the material was better as you recommended. But i wasn’t 100% sure about the inlet one. I felt like if the inlet ended in the middle, then it would avoid the splash of material going in, and avoid the possibility of having top material, or crust as you call it, to being pushed down and possibly make it’s way to the second container. But i also wondered if the material going in might not always make it’s way entirely out of the inlet pipe, and material would just accumulate in the pipe and eventually make a blockage.I guess i’m also looking for confirmation that the concept of having the inlet end in the middle is technically sound.Toyota_mdt_tech, have you seen this design in real life?As for the baffle, was already part of my design tooI’m putting one on each tank, just in case i need to access either to cleanup anything.I could collect rain water, but that would take forever as i dont have a roof to act as collector (no cabin yet). That’s why i was also asking about using river water, if that wasn’t gonna cause issues with the septic. There is a shallow river that runs nearby, and would allow for easier and quicker transport. I just dont know what effect having whatever parasite or insects from the river in my septic is going to do to the system.Quoting: ICCBecause those totes are not made to take pressure from the outside (dirt piled on) to the inside.- exactly
creekyMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 09:32ReplyI would think those insects and bacteria from the river should help. Kinda like the “dead cat” starter kit some folks use for older not used in awhile septic systems.
BrettnyMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 10:26ReplyYou dont want the inlet to be in the “meterial”the fats and floating solids can stay in that vertical pupe filled with liquid making a clog.Put your inlet higher than your outlet so you will always have flow in.I have an IBC tote thats alreaty caving in the top just from weight and rain.Since by the sound of it you really only have once chance at putting this tank in get a real one.I would go off hear say on 3rd party info.A 300gal tank thats designed for your application is $400 online.A local septic supplier should beable to get the same tank and save you the shipping.Since an IBC tote is roughly $130 your really not saving much.Add in the cost to do the job again and you have saved next to nothing.
BrettnyMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 10:28ReplyI should note that i own my machine so machine time is the cost of diesel.i would never burry a IBC tote for anything.You are prob better off making your own concrete tank than burrying one of these.
FishHogMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 13:28ReplyIf your going to bury a tote under any amount of soil cover the top with wood to stop the soil from pushing down on the plastic. Even that isn’t a long term plan. I’d follow the advice of everyone else and avoid the ibc. You will be rebuilding your system way too soon. It will work but it won’t work for as long as you want it too.Build it right the first time and you will avoid a lot of headaches
mj1angierMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 13:48ReplyHere is what I did back in the 80’s at an old farm house I got to stay in for free. Last I checked(3 years ago) a family of 3 were still using it. Mine did not look as nice as this one, lol
BrettnyMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 16:17ReplyThats where i was going with the DIY concrete tank.That one they burried looks like an above ground tank.the one that caved in.I havnt priced out bags of concrete and cinder blocks but thats prety easy to do your self.
AtlincabinMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 18:35ReplyAnother option to avoid collapse would be to clad the tank with pressure-treated (or plain) wood.There are a lot of old septic systems around here that were built with just plain green wood and are still fine tens of years later.But I’m up north where rot doesn’t happen quite as fast as other places.My vote would be to get a decent tank to start with, but cladding the IBC thing might be an option if it is difficult to get a concrete tank in to your location.
necklessMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 22:23Replywhat happens when u pump them outthose tanks willfail
necklessMember Posted: 22 Aug 2019 22:24Replywhat happens when u pump them outthose tanks willfailthe plastic totes
sparky30_06Member Posted: 23 Aug 2019 06:59ReplyDon’t use the IBC tote tanks, The small plastic ball septic tanks are cheap and will save you lots of head aches down the road.if you are still wanting to do something else use 3 or 4 plastic 5 gallon drums in series.They will hold up better under ground.
xinullMember Posted: 23 Aug 2019 23:19ReplyThanks for all the great advice. It sure made me think about lots over the past few days.Unfortunately i already purchase the IBC tote and all the parts weeks ago. My questions were just about how to refine my plan.I did speak to a friend of mine today who has a setup with an IBC tote and he explained the good and bad about it. He also mentioned that he personally knows a handful of people running the same setup for over 8 years with no issues.I guess i’ll have to make a hard decision in the next few days. But if i do go with this setup, i’ll definitly board the IBC tote around and on top with pressure treated wood to help reinforce the structure for when emptying it.thanks everyone
Old and SlowMember Posted: 30 Aug 2019 13:20 – Edited by: Old and SlowReplyCheck out how to plumb a septic tank on line. Simply, the inlet pipe terminates in a tee with a short downward extension to prevent solids or sludge from entering the pipe. It should be on the opposite side from the outlet which should be lower and terminate in a tee. My only experience is in the US where a 750 gallon tank is the minimum for a one bedroom. Field line lengths are determined by number of bedrooms and soil perk test.The local authority has the final say as to legality and may be able to cause many problems if they find an illegal system. Fifty five gallon drums were outlawed years ago in the southeast. Note the article says the system is not legal if found in use fines can result.
FishHogMember Posted: 30 Aug 2019 15:54ReplyQuoting: xinullover 8 years with no issuesso do you want to dig it up and redo it in 8ish years to save the cost of an IBC that you can use for something else?Don’t forget you will be 8 years older.These days I’m planning everything I do to be less maintenance when I’m older.Things are already getting harder so I don’t want my poor planning or cost cutting to stop me from enjoying my place 10 or 20 years from now.
Sprinkler GuyMember Posted: 20 Sep 2019 21:09ReplyI am a little late to the party but this is what I installed a few weeks ago.I thought about the IBC tote but didn’t want to “rig” it.
BrettnyMember Posted: 21 Sep 2019 10:12ReplyNice.How much did the tank cost?300gal?
Sprinkler GuyMember Posted: 21 Sep 2019 10:19ReplyIt cost about $550.Yes it is 300 gallons
elighMember Posted: 22 Sep 2019 08:49 – Edited by: elighReplyQuoting: Sprinkler GuyI am a little late to the party but this is what I installed a few weeks ago.HiWhat happens when this thing gets full? Do you have someone come with a pump truck and vacuum it out?Or does it naturally take care of itself via biology and microorganisms?Oh and how deep did you bury this? From the top lid to the surface how deep? Or does that Green lid sit flush with the ground so it can be unscrewed and vacuumed out easily?
mj1angierMember Posted: 22 Sep 2019 09:04ReplyLooks like Home Depot has one for around $400
ICCMember Posted: 22 Sep 2019 09:27ReplyQuoting: elighWhat happens when this thing gets full?If it is being used as a septic tank there will also be some pipes in a leach field. Google how s septic tankworks.If only a storage tank it would be pumped out. There are some lakeshore communities where everyone has a storage tank instead of septic because of the water level.How deep depends on the weather; how cold the winter.
Sprinkler GuyMember Posted: 22 Sep 2019 18:40ReplyIt will get pumped when full but I would suspect with only weekend use once a month it will take a long tine to fill.Solids do break down.I buried it just enough to cover the tank and I was lucky to get it that deep due to the shale.It won’t see much winter use anyway as the water line isn’t buried below the frost line.

How to Construct a Small Septic System

Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation There are two main sections to most private septic systems: the holding and digesting tanks, and the dispersion field or leach field. As the liquid waste in the first holding tank fills up, it will be transferred to the second holding tank. Once the second tank is completely filled with liquid, the liquid will dissipate into the earth underneath it. The system displayed here is a modest system that is intended for limited use by two persons who do not need to do laundry.

When compared to a conventional house septic system, this system employs two 55 US gallon (210 L) drums, rather than the 1,000–2,000 US gallon (3,800–7,600 L) tanks that are utilized in a standard home septic system.

Property owners considering installing a system similar to this one should be advised that this system would fail inspections by any public health department in the United States, and that the owner may be liable to a fine if the system was discovered in operation by a health official.

Toilets that conserve water nowadays utilize less than two litres of water every flush.

It might be a lifeline for those who live in areas where septic treatment is not available.

Part 1 of 3: Cutting the Tanks

  1. 1Cut a hole in the center of the top of each drum that is the same size as the outer measurement of the toilet flange. Take the outside diameter of the toilet flange that you’re using and multiply it by two. Place the hole close to the edge of the drum so that you may simply connect them to pipes in the near future. Cut the drums using a saber saw to make them more manageable. 2 Each hole should be capped with a 4 in (10 cm) toilet flange. Push the flanges into the top of each tank until they are flush with the surface. Make sure the flanges are securely fastened to the tanks so they don’t shift or move after you’ve placed them. 3 Cut a hole in the first drum that is 4 in (10 cm) in diameter on the opposite side of the drum from the hole in the top. Placing the hole approximately 4–5 inches (10–13 cm) below the top of the drum and ensuring that it lines up with the hole on the top of the tank are the most important steps. 4 Make a hole in the wall with a saber saw or a hole saw. Cut two holes in the side of the drum at 45-degree angles to the center of the hole on the top, one on each side of the drum. The center line is the line that runs through the middle of the hole on the top of the drum. Make 45-degree angles from either side of the centerline, then mark them on the second drum using a permanent marker. Make your holes in the barrel by cutting through the side with a saber or a hole saw.

Part 2 of 3: Placing the Tanks Underground

  1. 1 Dig a trench that is 4 ft 26 ft 3 ft (1.22 m 7.92 m 0.91 m) in length and width. Excavator or shovel are both good options for digging a hole in the ground where you wish to put your tank. Continue excavating until the hole measures 4 feet (1.2 m) in width, 26 feet (7.9 m) in length, and 3 feet (0.91 m) in depth.
  • Excavators for excavating are often available for hire from a heavy machinery supply company. Look for equipment rentals on the internet
  1. 2Place the drum at the end of the trench, with one side hole drilled in it. When you place the drum on the floor, make sure it is level. Check to see sure the drum’s top is at least 4 inches (10 cm) below the surface of the water. 3 Dig a hole that is one foot (30 cm) deeper than the first to accommodate the positioning of the second drum in front of the first. In order to ensure a tight fit and prevent the drum from shifting, make your hole the same diameter as the drum you’re inserting in it. 4 The hole should be leveled with gravel until a 90-degree curve can be made to connect the top drum’s hole on one side to the toilet flange on the other. Check the alignment of the holes in the 90-degree bend between the two drums by dry fitting it between the two drums. If you need to improve the alignment of the pipe line, dig the hole a little deeper. 5 To make the bend, cut 31 2in (8.9 cm) pieces of ABS pipe and adhere them to the bend with epoxy or hot glue. With a hacksaw, cut the ABSpipe parts, also known as nipples. 6 Insert the pieces into the bend and hold them in place using PVC adhesive. Check the fit between the two drums to ensure that they are in alignment. Insert the end of the 21 2in (6.4 cm) nipple into the side hole of the first drum and tighten the nut. 7Glue the end of the 31 2in (8.9 cm) nipple into the toilet flange on the second tank, making sure that the nipple on the other end aligns with the hole on the top of the second drum. To hold the bent in place, apply PVC adhesive to the inside of the curve. Don’t be concerned about the link to the first drum just yet
  2. You’ll make that connection later. 8. Glue a Y-bend to a 31 2in (8.9 cm) nipple, and then bend the angled piece of the Y-bend at a 45-degree angle. Using your PVC adhesive, attach a nipple to the end of the Y-bend and let it dry. Make sure to align the angled pipe on the Y-bend so that it intersects with the incoming waste line and glue it into the toilet flange
  3. 9 21 2in (6.4 cm) nipples are cut and glued to one end of the 45-degree bends at the bottom of the lower drum, and they are then inserted into the side of the lower drum. The 45-degree bends’ ends should be perpendicular to the bottom of the trench, so that they may be pointed upward.

Part 3 of 3: Connecting the Drain Pipes

  1. Put a stake into the ground and level it with the bottom of each of the 45-degree bends. 2Put a stake into the ground and level it with the top of the 45-degree bends. It doesn’t matter what sort of stakes you use since they all work. Use a mallet or hammer to pound the stakes into the ground. Attach a one-inch-wide block to the end of a four-foot-long (1.2-meter-long) level using duct tape. This will assist you in ensuring that you create sloped drain pipes so that your tanks can empty
  2. 3Place another stake approximately 37 8ft (1.2 m) down the trench from the first one
  3. 4Place another stake approximately 37 8ft (1.2 m) down the trench from the first one
  4. 5Place another stake approximately 37 8ft (1.2 m) down the trench from the first one. Drive the stake down until it is the same height as the first one with your hammer or mallet
  5. 4 Place the end of the level without the block on the first stake and the block on the second stake to complete the level without the block. Continue to pound the second stake into the ground until the level is balanced. 1 inch (2.5 cm) lower than the previous post, or 1 inch (0.64 cm) lower per 1 foot (30 cm)
  6. 5Repeat this method until you have stakes running the whole length of the trench
  7. Continue to place stakes down the rest of the trench every 37 8feet (1.2 m) from the last one, ensuring that the stakes slope away from the drums
  8. 6Place gravel in the trench until the top of the gravel is level with the top of the stakes
  9. 7Place gravel in the trench until the top of the gravel is level with the top of the stakes The gravel will now slope away from the drums at a rate of 1 4 inch (0.64 cm) per 1 foot (30 cm) of horizontal distance
  10. 7Place 20 ft (6.1 m) of perforated drain pipe into each hole on the second drum
  11. 8Place 20 ft (6.1 m) of perforated drain pipe into each hole on the third drum
  12. 9Place 20 ft (6.1 m) of perforated drain pipe into each hole on the fourth drum
  13. 10P Insert the ends of the drain pipes into the 45-degree bends on the lower drum to complete the installation. 9Make certain that the perforations in the pipes are facing down so that liquids may soak back into the earth
  14. 8checking the pipes with a level to ensure that the 1 4in (0.64 cm) slope is consistent throughout the length of the pipe. The slope may be adjusted by adding or withdrawing gravel from beneath the pipe. 9Bend the bottom and top drums at 45 degrees and 90 degrees, respectively, to seal them. For the best seal possible on your drain pipes, use a two-part epoxy or silicone caulk. For this purpose, consider utilizing flex pipe, which will yield a little bit if the ground changes. Tenth, fill the lower drum halfway with water to keep it from collapsing under the weight of all the gravel. Place the remaining gravel over the trench and into the bottom drum, covering it completely. 11Lay landscape fabric over the top of the gravel. As a result, the dirt will not be able to seep into the gravel and you will be able to keep proper drainage on your tanks
  15. 12Fill the remaining trench area with soil, compacting it to the original grade. When you have finished filling up the area with your dirt, check to see that the ground is level. 13Fill the upper drum with water, leaving the top pipe from the first tank exposed so that you can readily reach the tanks if you need to drain them later. 14Fill the lower drum with water. Fill the top drum with water and pour it directly down the exposed pipes on the bottom drum. Pour more water into the drum until it is completely filled, and then screw on the lid to shut it.

Community Q A

Create a new question

  • Question What is considered a low level of use? Low consumption is defined as less than 125 gallons per day. Question Was the ‘y’ elbow on the first tank’s tank for any particular reason? Is it left open or sealed when it has been completed? Isn’t it going to stink if it’s left open? The clean out requires a threaded cap or plug, which is provided. Question What kind of water do you use to fill it? “Fill” is the most important term here. Continue to fill the drum with water until the level does not rise any more
  • Question Suppose I neglected to attach a slip coupler to the perforated pipe and only had 10 feet of it. Is it still possible to use this? Yes, however you will need to raise the depth of the field in order to get the same cubic feet of capacity
  • Nevertheless Question What is the best way to find out if something is legal in my state? This is a quick and easy approach that is unlikely to be appropriate for long-term usage in the majority of states. It is possible that the property owner and/or the installation will be penalized if this is uncovered. Question Is it possible to utilize two or three 275-gallon water totes instead, or a water tote and barrel combination? It doesn’t matter either direction you go. It’s best to utilize a single tote and a barrel as a digestion tank and a distribution box if you have only one tote. Question What is the purpose of filling the higher barrel with water? You fill the top barrel with water so that when sewage waste is introduced into the barrel, it flows into a sufficient amount of water to initiate the anaerobic digestion process. Question What is the best way to clean up this system? If there is enough bacteria in it, it will clean itself with minimal effort. If it starts to fill up, you may call a septic service to have it emptied
  • If it doesn’t, you can do it yourself. Question What is the correct grade slope of the drain field for every ten feet of length of the drain field? It is possible for the field’s bottom to be level. When running away from the drums, the pipe system should be sloped at 2 percent, or 2.5 inches every 10 feet. Question Is it possible for this system to freeze in the winter? And might I use antifreeze in the mix as well? Antifreeze will destroy the beneficial bacteria that are required for the process to function properly. The process is biological, and it will generate some of its own heat as part of the process. It’s always possible to dig a little deeper to gain a little extra insulation above it.

More information on the replies Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. Submit

VideoBy using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube.

  • The horizontal side of the “Y” links to the waste source, and it should be fitted with a connector that is compatible with the source supply line
  • Instead of using a 90° elbow, you should join two of them together to produce a U-shaped connection. In this manner, the end that is in the first barrel will be pointed towards the bottom of the tank, rather than the top. This should be reinforced with a short section of straight pipe that is several inches deeper towards the bottom. Solids either float or sink depending on their density. They don’t seem to congregate in the middle. As a result, only the broken down liquid waste makes it to the second tank, and the solids are never seen again. The same procedure should be followed for each of the drainage pipes that originate from the second barrel. Just to be absolutely certain that no solids make their way into the world leach field, the waste is dumped into the first tank, with the solids falling to the bottom of the first tank. Whenever the liquid level exceeds the outfall to the second tank, it is drained into the tank below it. If there are any solids present, they will sink to the bottom. Whenever the liquid from the second tank reaches one of the two outfalls, it is transported to the gravel leaching field for dispersion. Over time, the vast majority of the solids will liquefy and disperse. Solids may accumulate at the top of the tank after several years, necessitating the removal of the solids. Thirty percent of the waste is absorbed into the ground, with the remaining seventy percent being evaporated by sunlight. It is important not to compress the soil since this would interfere with the evaporation process
  • The vertical side of the “Y” will be used to pump out the tank after it is entirely filled with solids
  • The depth of the trench should be proportional to the depth of the waste source line. If the line is deeper or higher than the one depicted, you will need to dig the trench deeper or shallower to accommodate the new line depth or height. It’s not that difficult to find out. In the event that you have a septic system that is too shallow, it may be more susceptible to damage. After a period, you may discover that the ground has sunk below the trench’s location. Fill it in with extra dirt and compact it
  • It is assumed that you are familiar with working with ABS plastic pipe. In addition, you must have the necessary tools to dig the trench (or be ready to put in a lot of effort).

Send in a Suggestion All tip entries are thoroughly scrutinized before being published on this website. Thank you for submitting a suggestion for consideration!


  • This is a system with a relatively limited capacity. This is not intended to suit the demands of a big family or group of people. It is intended for use with a modest travel trailer and two individuals. In order to extend the life of this little septic system, it is recommended that you do not place anything else in it but water, trash, and toilet paper. You may have to pump the upper drum once or twice a year if you don’t do so. During the course of five years, the system depicted here will only require pumping twice. Do not drive through the area where the drums are located. When establishing a septic system, make sure to adhere to all applicable municipal regulations. It is against the law to establish a septic system without first obtaining a permission. In the permit, you will find information on the local requirements for installing a septic system. You should avoid situating a septic system too close to trees since tree roots will grow into your lines, block them, and eventually cause damage to your system.

Things You’ll Need

  • 3/4 or 1 1/2 crushed rock or blue metal
  • 80 square feet (7.4 m 2) of landscaping fabric
  • 9 cubic yards (6.9 m3) of 3/4 or 1 1/2 crushed rock or blue metal 55 US gal (210 L) plastic drums
  • 10 feet (3.0 m) of ABS plastic pipe with a diameter of 4 in (10 cm)
  • 4 in (10 cm) ABS 90-degree bend
  • 4 in (10 cm) ABS Y-bend
  • 3 ABS 45-degree bends with sizes of 4 in (10 cm)
  • 2 55 US gal (210 L) plastic drums A total of 40 feet (12 meters) of 4 inch (10 cm) perforated drain pipe
  • Two 4 inch (10 cm) diameter drain pipe couplers
  • And two toilet flanges with 4 inch (10 cm) diameters are included. PVC glue, two-part epoxy or silicone sealant, a level, and ten wood stakes are all required. 1 in (2.5 cm) thick wood block
  • Duct tape
  • 4 in (10 cm) ABS detachable cap
  • 1 in (2.5 cm) thick wood block

About This Article

wikiHow Staff Writer contributed to this article. This article was written in part by members of the wikiHow Staff. Our highly skilled staff of editors and researchers checks articles for correctness and completeness before publishing them. The work of our editorial staff is regularly monitored by wikiHow’sContent Management Team to ensure that each article is supported by reliable research and fulfills our high quality standards. A total of 2,323,265 people have looked at this article. Co-authors:53 The most recent update was made on January 15, 2022.

Reader Success Stories

  • Robert Clark is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom. The 18th of November in the year 2021 “Your strategy is simple to learn and use since it has been well described. Furthermore, it is advantageous to those who work part-time or on weekends.” more

Did this article help you?

Probably one of the last things on your mind when you are constructing a new house is the location of your septic system.

After all, shopping for tanks isn’t nearly as entertaining as shopping for cabinetry, appliances, and floor coverings. Although you would never brag about it, your guests will be aware if you do not have the proper septic tank placed in your home or business.

septic tanks for new home construction

The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it. The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size. Of course, all of this is dependent on the number of people who live in the house as well as the amount of water and waste that will be disposed of through the plumbing system.

For the most accurate assessment of your septic tank needs, you should speak with an experienced and trustworthy sewer business representative.

planning your drainfield

Here are some helpful hints for deciding where to locate your drainfield when you’re designing it.

  • Vehicles should not be allowed on or around the drainfield. Planting trees or anything else with deep roots along the bed of the drain field is not recommended. The roots jam the pipes on a regular basis. Downspouts and sump pumps should not be discharged into the septic system. Do not tamper with or change natural drainage features without first researching and evaluating the consequences of your actions on the drainage field. Do not construct extensions on top of the drain field or cover it with concrete, asphalt, or other materials. Create easy access to your septic tank cover by placing it near the entrance. Easy maintenance and inspection are made possible as a result. To aid with evaporation and erosion prevention, plant grass in the area.

a home addition may mean a new septic tank

Do not make any big additions or renovations to your house or company until you have had the size of your septic system assessed. If you want to build a house addition that is more than 10% of your total floor space, increases the number of rooms, or necessitates the installation of new plumbing, you will almost certainly need to expand your septic tank.

  • For a home addition that will result in increased use of your septic system, your local health department will require a letter from you that has been signed and authorized by a representative of your local health department confirming that your new septic system is capable of accommodating the increase in wastewater. It is not recommended that you replace your septic system without the assistance of a certified and competent contractor.

how to maintain your new septic system

Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services are provided by Norway Septic Inc., a service-oriented company devoted to delivering outstanding septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services to households and business owners throughout the Michiana area. “We take great delight in finishing the task that others have left unfinished.” “They pump, we clean!” says our company’s motto. Septic systems are something we are familiar with from our 40 years of expertise, and we propose the following:

  • Make use of the services of a qualified specialist to develop a maintenance strategy. Make an appointment for an annual examination of your septic system. Utilize the services of an effluent filter to limit the amount of particles that exit the tank, so extending the life of your septic system. Waste items should be disposed of properly, and energy-efficient appliances should be used. Make sure you get your septic system professionally cleaned every 2 to 3 years, or more frequently if necessary, by an experienced and qualified expert
  • If you have any reason to believe that there is an issue with your system, contact a professional. It is far preferable to catch anything early than than pay the price later. Maintain a record of all septic system repairs, inspections, and other activities

common septic questions

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions by our septic customers.

How do I determine the size of my septic tank?

If you have a rectangular tank, multiply the inner height by the length to get the overall height of the tank. In order to find out how many gallons your septic tank contains, divide the number by.1337.1337

How many bedrooms does a 500-gallon septic tank support?

The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it. The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size.

How deep in the ground is a septic tank?

Your septic system is normally buried between four inches and four feet underground, depending on the climate.


Water Information
Sangre de Cristo Water Services – Deliver water to SDCR and Forbes Park719-379-3263$6.50 per mile to travel to your location, $100 for a 1,000 gallons of water with a 1,000 minimum.(If your tank is less- you still pay for the minimum.) CLICK for Colorado Department of Water Resources Well Permit application
Click to Read More About Rain Barrels Click for a New Article on Wells in the SDCR

WELLS AND SEPTICWells and septic systems in our area are typically 100-300 feet deep and cost $30 to $45 per foot of depth. It is possible to spend an additional $1200 on a submersible pump with discharge line and electrical hookup. In lieu of a well, many vacation homes rely on hauled water for their water needs. A 1000-gallon above-ground tank with a 12-volt pump will typically cost $1000 to $1500 in materials. (This will need to be secured and emptied at the end of the season.) Winterized water system with a 1500 gallon underground tank, an underground pump house with an additional pressure tank, and heat tape wrapped pipe leading into the home, installed by a professional contractor, will cost $4000 dollars.

We have a water hauler who will deliver up to 3000 gallons of water for $120 per delivery.

The cost of the connection piping and perforated distribution piping will be approximately $600.

Permits are required, as is a percolation test, which costs $375 and is required.

Overall, a septic system will cost between $2200 and $2500 if the owner obtains the necessary permits, witnesses the perc test, and installs the necessary piping and equipment. A contractor’s turn-key job will cost between $3500 and $4000. (February 2008)

Sattler Basement
Alternate Power and Propane SystemsAbout half the people in the non-incorporated areas of Costilla and Alamosa Counties rely on alternate systems.They usually have one to four solar panels, one or more wind generators, a 12-v to 120v converter and a battery pack as a power source and that is usually backed up by a 1000-w- 5000w gasoline generator.They will have a 200-500 gallon propane tankwith propane delivered ona regular basis by several reliable local vendors (We use Monte Vista Cooperative).Propane is used for gas cooking, baking and heating. Many people have wood stovesand use wood as their main heating fuel.There are regular “Woodfests”scheduled several times each year, where people go up into private forests and cut down dead trees for firewood, and they are charged $10 per pick-up load.Most people are familiar with the propane refrigerators and freezers in recreational vehicles.Full size propane refrigerators and freezers are availablefrom Servel and other manufactures and these usually cost $200 to $300 more than the same size electric model. These have a long life, are quite efficient, and actually cost less to operate, than similar electric models.A starter power system (good for 120-watts for 4 hours) costs about $1,500.This is enough to run a 13” TV/VCR,a couple of 14 watt fluorescent bulbs, to recharge cell phones and lap tops, and to provide a control voltage to the propanerefrigerator.A medium system,(1500 watt-hours) professionally installed, with the solar panels on sturdy racks, pointing in the best southerly direction, will cost about $10,000.Sunny Daze in Blanca is a reliable vendor for these systems- more about them on our CONTRACTORS page.A full size system, that allows microwave, vacuum cleaners, large electric motors, etc can cost $20,000+But all of the people that use alternate systems always comment how nice it is not to get utility bills, other thanpropane. ELECTRICITY Xcell Energy provides power in this area.They have an office in Alamosa and you can get definitive information from them by calling (719) 589-1204.There a many areas without power in Costilla County which makes it ideal for SOLAR, WIND, and GENERATORS.When we have parcels “near” power, we will specify, otherwise consider that there is no power.It costs about $4/ft to bring power to a property. Usually, a step-down transformer that converts the 6900 volt incoming power to 120/240v is needed, at a cost of about $1200.TELEPHONE Telephone service to the area is provided by Blanca Telephone located in Alamosa.They provide excellent cellular service in the entire area and also have land lines available.They also have internet and there are several other places in Alamosa that will hook you up to internet. Blanca Telephone has land line connectors in most of the SLVR Area, and do a up to 700′ installation for under $100. They charge about $0.50 per foot for longer distances. Land lines are also available in the lower elevations of the SDCR Area and throughout the Forbes Park Area.Blanca Networks Internet and Wi-fi Information in this area Excellent Resource for County InformationWells, Septic, Electricity, TelephoneInternet- Satellite Service Service for Satellite Internet has changed over the last few years.Wild Blue is now an option that we know is being used.Hughes Net seems competitive.Click on one of the links below: Hughes Net Wild Blue

How Much Do Septic Tanks Cost?

As an alternative to hooking up your home to a municipal sewer system, you may install a septic system on your own, which is composed of a container placed underground on your land that retains and processes the water and waste that escapes your home through plumbing pipes. Septic tanks should only be installed by qualified specialists, whether you’re building a new house and need a septic system installed or replacing an existing septic system. Because of the project’s intricacy and magnitude, heavy machinery, precise excavating, and plumbing hookups are required, all of which might be devastating if not completed correctly.

  1. Properties in areas where the earth floods often, for example, would experience a high frequency of septic issues.
  2. After that, a contractor must excavate in the vicinity of the tank and drain field in preparation for installation, which will involve plumbing connections to the residence.
  3. Septic system installation needs meticulous design, the knowledge of a professional, and at the very least a few thousand dollars to be completed properly.
  4. What Is the Average Cost of a Septic Tank?
  5. It is possible that you have already attempted to repair your septic tank or system, therefore this fee will be in addition to your original investment.
  6. Glenn Gallas, vice president of operations at Mr.
  7. It is possible that you will spend even more depending on the size and location of your property, as well as the size and substance of your tank and the type of septic system you want.

A septic tank can be constructed from four different types of materials: —Concrete.




Steel is the least popular building material on the market today.

One thousand gallon tank for a three-bedroom house with less than 2,500 square feet.

Septic tanks under 1,000 gallons in capacity are expected to cost between $600 and $1,000, according to HomeAdvisor, while tanks of 1,200 gallons or above in capacity are expected to cost between $1,200 and $1,600, according to the same source.

Septic tank installation will be delayed if there is a lot of rain that soaks the soil, according to Michael DeCosta, director of branch operations for mergers and acquisitions at Wind River Environmental, a mechanical systems contracting company that installs and repairs septic tanks, among other specialties.

  • “If you go to Florida or Cape Cod, where there’s a lot of sand, such installations take a day,” adds DeCosta, who is headquartered in the Boston region.
  • When it comes to designing a septic system, DeCosta explains that in many cases the local planning agency or board of health will provide a list of qualified engineers from which to pick.
  • The blueprints may then be sent to multiple septic installers for price and assistance, DeCosta explains.
  • The overall cost of your septic system installation varies depending on the size of your home, the size of your land, the proximity to a floodplain, the soil, the type of tank material you select, and a variety of other factors.
  • If you’re planning to replace any element of your present septic system, a septic installation specialist will most likely want to come out to your site to take measurements and search for problems before proceeding.
  • Multiple professional visits for estimates may appear to be excessive, but the information you acquire from each interaction may help you determine which firm offers the best materials and timing for your project, rather than simply choosing the lowest price.
  • Listed below are a few of the components that contribute to the overall cost of a septic system installation or the cost of replacing an existing tank: • Sewer line • Distribution box • Field lines • Sewer line — Drainage field, also known as a leach field.

– The tank’s lid.

— Tank top.

In the event that only one or two components of the system appear to be causing the problem, Gallas says that the sewage line, septic tank, distribution box, and field lines can all be replaced independently.

Maintenance, on the other hand, is essential since little faults can accumulate over time and generate greater ones.

Depending on the expert, a septic tank should only need to be drained every three to five years.

If you discover a problem with your plumbing or observe water backing up into your house, call a plumber to come out and analyze the problem for you.

According to HomeAdvisor, a plumber’s hourly rate typically ranges between $45 and $200, depending on where you live in the country.

More from the news organization U.S. News & World Report What Is That Strange Smell in My Home? 15 Mudroom Design Ideas for Your Residence Choose Energy-Efficient Windows for Your Home Using This Guide What Is the Average Cost of a Septic Tank? The article first published on

More from WTOP

Protankprovides the highest-quality polyethylene plastic below-ground storage tanks available on the market today, including: Below-ground septic tanks are available in capacities ranging from 200 to 1500 gallons. Our plastic septic tanks are built to last and are intended for quick and simple installation. In addition, because our plastic septic tanks are composed of polyethylene, they are resistant to soil chemicals as well as to the chemicals and gases contained in sewage, which means that our plastic septic tanks will not rust or corrosion.

  • We also provide pre-plumbed septic tanks, which are pre-plumbed in accordance with state regulations.
  • Tanks that have been PRE-PLUMBED are sent to you ready to be installed.
  • Tees are measured and cut to meet the requirements of each state code, ensuring that the tank you get is ready for installation.
  • If you want assistance in selecting the most appropriate septic tank for your needs, our sales staff would be happy to assist you.

Septic System for a Garage

This is something I am somewhat familiar with. I share a home with the former Deputy Director of the North Carolina State Department of Health and Human Services. Drains in your floor are not permitted in North Carolina; doing so places you in a different category. I’d phone and ask the local County Sanitarian about it without giving your name or identifying yourself. I had planned to put some in a horse wash pit here at the barn and pipe it to a ditch, but I was informed I couldn’t since it was against the rules.

It has something to do with the classification of what is coming out of the pipe.

Unless your shop is located within walking distance of your home’s septic system, you’ll most likely need to construct a 1100-1200 gallon two-stage septic tank with a grinder pump and a pump to connect it to the current septic system.

The rationale for the huge tank is that, in the case of a long-term power loss, you may have enough capacity to avoid an overflow until power is restored, which is an advantage.

If it’s too far away and you use it too frequently, it will quickly get overloaded.

I thought that sounded ridiculous until we lost the shop.

Once a week, I’d bring in a generator to power the site so that I could pump out the septic system.

A thin coating of cement is applied over the whole surface until the CO is issued, which is how most people do it in this area.

The situation in your store is the same as in a commercial store with a floor drain; if a load of antifreeze or oil was thrown on the floor in a commercial store with a floor drain, it would go directly down the drain.

Linda has taught me a lot about public health, which I appreciate.

All it takes is for you to annoy someone enough for them to turn you in.

The next year, she retired from the state and proceeded to work as the Health Director for local government.

It’s the simple things that may mean a lot when you don’t give them much thought.

When putting ice in the cup, you’re supposed to use a scoop or an ice dispenser.

It does happen, and it has been linked to a person who has hepatitis placing the ice in the glasses incorrectly.

In fact, it was only after meeting Linda that I realized I’d been overcooking the turkey and pig on the barbecue using a meat thermometer all this time! However, the cuisine has improved, which is a positive development.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *